Description: Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 11–12 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies. Verify the preliminary determination of the meaning of a word or phrase (e.g., by checking the inferred meaning in context or in a dictionary).
Maps to Reading Plus skills: 4B


4B: Interpreting Analogies

4B: Interpreting Analogies

Description: Interpreting Analogies

✓ standard met

Selection: L-21


Grade level: 12
Word count: 3146 words
Author: Stephen Crane
Synopsis: Four men, trapped in a small boat after their ship sinks, face an uncertain future.
Excerpt: A seat in this boat was not unlike a seat upon a bucking bronco, and by the same token, a bronco is not much smaller. The craft pranced and reared, and plunged like an animal. As each wave came, and she rose for it, she seemed like a horse making at a fence outrageously high.

Question: The narrator compares sitting in the lifeboat to
  1. riding a wild horse.
  2. running through a dark, unfamiliar woods.
  3. falling from a cliff.
  4. sitting in a speeding carriage.

✓ standard met

Writing prompt: Describe how an author can use figurative language to create suspense and give an example from a selection.


Organization: Certica Solutions